How to Leverage Browser Caching of WordPress Website via .htaccess?

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If you've ever checked your WordPress website in Performance Tools such as Google PageSpeed Insight, you may have seen the Leverage browser caching warning. The easiest way to fix this warning is to install any of the WordPress caching plugins. The most popular WordPress caching plugins are Total W3 Cache, WP Super Cache and WP Fastest Cache.

Alternatively, this warning can be resolved by adding Expires headers code to your .htaccess file.

  1. Log into your cPanel.
  2. Under Files section, select File Manager menu.
  3. cPanel will popup a message asking you where you would like land within your website directories. In the same window, you will see the checkbox asking if you would like to show hidden files. Check the checkbox Show Hidden Files and click Go.
  4. Under public_html folder of your website, find and edit the file called .htaccess.
  5. Paste the following code into .htaccess file at the end of your existing content.

    ## EXPIRES HEADER CACHING ##
    
    ExpiresActive On
    ExpiresByType image/jpg "access 1 year"
    ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access 1 year"
    ExpiresByType image/gif "access 1 year"
    ExpiresByType image/png "access 1 year"
    ExpiresByType text/css "access 1 month"
    ExpiresByType application/pdf "access 1 month"
    ExpiresByType application/javascript "access 1 month"
    ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access 1 month"
    ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash "access 1 month"
    ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access 1 year"
    ExpiresDefault "access 2 days"
    
    ## EXPIRES HEADER CACHING ##
    
  6. Save the changes.

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